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German Abadia-Olmeda

Germán Abadia-Olmeda E-4 (Specialist 4). This photo was taken in Vietnam in 1969. German was standing in front of a bunker.\Bunkers used to protect ourselves from any attack; were made of wood and sandbags; at my side some banana trees.\"-German"  

Vietnam

By Ximena Mejorado

Cal State, Fullerton

When he got his draft notice at the age of 18, Germán Abadía’s first thought was to go into hiding.

The Puerto Rican native said he did not understand why he needed to go to Vietnam to...

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Manuel Aviles-Santiago

Carmen B. Salaiz Esqueda Abalos

Carmen B. Salaiz Esqueda Abalos  

By Kenneth Cantu

Back when Rosie the Riveter was proclaiming to women all across the U.S., “We Can Do It!” Carmen (Salaiz) Esqueda Abalos proved it.

Her husband, Mike, having enlisted in the Navy, Abalos joined the war effort by...

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Brenda Sendejo

Apolonia Muñoz Abarca

Apolonia Muñoz Abarca  

World War II

By Darcie Stevens

As news of the Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor came over the radio on Dec. 7, 1941, a 20-year-old Polly Muñoz Abarca started dreaming of places worlds away from her dorm room in Corpus Christi, Texas.

None of the...

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Erica Martinez

Salomon Trevino Abrego

Salomon Trevino Abrego  

World War II

By Justin Lefkowski

Salomon Abrego was at the Battle of the Bulge, where he and his fellow soldiers suffered through one of the coldest winters to hit the area in more than 20 years.

As a medic, Abrego watched helplessly as the cold...

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Juan De la Cruz

Hector Acedo

Hector Acedo  

World War II

By Melanie Kudzia

Hector Acedo was 19 and World War II had been in full swing for three years when an older friend who’d already been drafted said: "Let's join the Navy."

Acedo’s response: "Sure, well let's go."

After getting...

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Claudia Provencio

Anthony Acevedo

Anthony Acevedo  

World War II

By Cathy Sze

It was 50 degrees below zero, one of the coldest winters Germany had seen in 50 years. A blanket of snow several feet high covered the ground.

Wearing only combat uniforms designed for warfare in the tropics, a group of...

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Eluid Martinez

Rudy Acosta

Rudy Acosta in Italy.  

World War II

By Frank Trejo

Growing up in Southern California, Rudy Acosta was like countless of other young boys. He escaped each week to the movies and watched the likes of Errol Flynn and John Wayne triumph over the bad guys.

Little did...

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Louis Sahagun

Jessie Acuña

Jessie Acuña  

World War II

By Paul Brown

A trip across the Atlantic on the luxury ship the Queen Mary would seem like a dream come true for anyone, especially a teenager from a small West Texas town. But for Jessie Acuña, it was a trip into the unknown. The trek...

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Paul Brown

Jose Eriberto Adame

Jose Eriberto Adame  

World War II

By Lindsay Blau

Jose "Joe" Eriberto Adame saw combat in one of the most defining events of World War II -- the Battle of Normandy. But one of his most vivid memories is at the genesis of America's involvement in the conflict -- the day the...

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Christina Perkins

Frank Aguerrebere

Frank Aguerrebere  

World War II

By Kimberly Tran, California State University, Fullerton

Although he never talked much about his wartime experiences, Frank Aguerrebere parachuted into the Normandy Invasion and fought in the Battle of the Bulge, two of the bloodiest and...

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Vicki Torres

Salvador V. Aguilar

Salvador V. Aguilar  

World War II

By Joel Weickgenant

Salvador Aguilar remembers lonesome nights aboard the cargo ship he served on during World War II. On many nights, he and fellow sailors and troops were forced to lie in the dark, ordered not make any sounds. It was...

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Joel Weickgenant

Nicanor Aguilar

Nicanor Aguilar  

World War II

By Claudia Farias

Nicanor Aguilar is something of a renaissance man, both as a musician and, at an age when most people would be slowing down, an athlete.

But Aguilar’s proudest accomplishment involves his efforts to end...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Valentin Aguilar

Valentin Aguilar guarding German prisoners near Naples, Italy in 1945 along with other members of the 78th Ordinance.  

World War II

By Dartinya Harris

Valentín Aguilar says he feels proud that he served during World War II.

Born in Laredo, Texas, Aguilar only received a second grade education. He made a living picking vegetables on a community farm. Aguilar's eyes...

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Peter Mendoza

Josephine Trujillo Aguilera

 

World War II

By Emily Berman

Josephine Aguilera sits and contemplates her life during the Second World War.

She explained how her experience growing up was different from her two daughters’ because she never got the chance to finish school. She...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Tony Aguilera

 

World War II

By Yasemin Florey

Even though Tony Aguilera's childhood in an East Los Angeles barrio was once marked by poverty, he remembers it fondly.

"We were a very happy family," he said of his Mexico-born parents and 13 siblings. "We played...

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Milton Carrero Galarza

Julia Rodriguez Aguillon

Julia Rodriguez Aguillon  

World War II

By Yolanda Urrabazo

Julia Rodriguez Aguillon first knew tragedy when she was 10 years old, when her father passed away due to cirrhosis of the liver. Later, as an adult, she’d feel a deeper sorrow when she had a stillborn baby and, much...

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Yolanda Urrabazo

Manuel Joseph Aguirre

Manuel Joseph Aguirre  

World War II

By Angela Macias

Manuel Aguirre’s small stature prevented him from joining the Marines, but it didn’t keep him from doing his part in the war effort.

After hearing President Franklin D. Roosevelt tell the nation the Japanese had...

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Angela Macias

Andrew Aguirre

 

World War II

By Kathryn Tomasovic

Andrew Aguirre's youth was overwhelmed with battlefield events that continue to haunt him to this day.

Aguirre was born in Vinton, Texas, on Jan. 4, 1925, and moved to San Diego three years later.

...

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Rene Zambrano

Mike Aguirre

Mike Aguirre, California, 1943 dressed in Army uniform.  

World War II

By Aryn Sedler

SAN MARCOS, Texas -- When Mike Aguirre graduated from Brackenridge High School in San Antonio in 1939, many opportunities and doors were closed to Mexican Americans.

"One of my friends got a job at the Five and Dime...

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Aryn Sedler

Gloria Araguz Alaniz

Gloria Araguz Alaniz  

World War II

By Yvonne Lim

Gloria Araguz Alaniz began her role as the family caregiver when her mother passed away, leaving 15-year-old Alaniz to care for her...

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Yvonne Lim

Rodolfo Alaniz

Rodolfo Alaniz  

World War II, Korean Conflict

By Rajesh Reddy

In the spring of 1945, 16-year-old Rodolfo “Rudy” Alaniz's older brother Ricardo, a rifleman with the 8th Infantry Division, was killed in Germany, an event that would alter young Alaniz’s life.

"I presented my brother...

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Rajesh Reddy

Carmen Irizarry Albelo

Carmen Irizarry Albelo  

World War II

By Sylvia Mendoza

When Carmen Albelo sailed from San Juan, Puerto Rico, to the United States in 1939, she envisioned a land of opportunity and freedom, not war, discrimination and loneliness.

"When I came here I thought I was going to...

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Helen Aguirre Ferre

Higinio Albelo

Higinio Albelo  

World War II

By Luisito Caleon

The choppy seas north of Scotland were dark.

A dense fog enveloped the Navy ship loaded with ammunition destined for Normandy, the site of the beginning of the end of World War II.

The ship, on its way to help...

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Adrian Baschuk

Joseph Alcoser

Joe Alcoser as a young sailor, around 1946. Mr. Alcoser's Naval Reserve Active Duty unit was recalled during the Korean War.  

World War II

By Eric Garza

The Great Depression. World War II. The civil rights movement. Joseph Alcoser lived through these milestones in American history. Yet, he never truly felt that he was part of the country that he fought to defend.

...

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Rene Zambrano

Eugenia Aleman

Eugenia Aleman  

Vietnam

By Joshua Barajas

As a “trailing spouse,” whose husband was stationed in the Philippines during the Vietnam War, Eugenia “Jennie” Gonzalez Alemán made herself useful: She wrote letters for mortally wounded American servicemen.

"They...

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Joshua Barajas

John & Eugenia Aleman

Captain and Mrs. John Aleman, 1967 in the PI 1967. This was a Christmas photo.\I missed the arrival in the USA of the Beatles.\""  

Vietnam

By Haley Dawson

When John Aleman became one of very few Latinos to graduate from Sam Houston State University in 1963, he not only overcame the poverty of his youth, but went on to succeed in his subsequent military service and post-Vietnam...

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Haley Dawson

Moses Aleman

Moses Aleman  

World War II, Korean Conflict

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

When Moses “Moe” Alemán’s parents emigrated from Mexico to Austin, Texas, as children, the horse...

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Lynn Maguire-Walker

Juan Ramon Alires

Juan Ramon Alires  

World War II

By Xochitl Salazar

Juan Ramon Alires was already the father of two children, with another baby on the way, when he went to war as part of the 11th Armored Division.

Alires was drafted into the Army and assigned to the 11th Armored...

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Irene Consuelo Chavez

Braulio Alonso

 

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Of the many memories Braulio Alonso has of World War II, none stick out more than those tied to the liberation of Italy’s capital.

After Allied forces flooded Rome on June 4, 1945, some members of the 328th Field...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Benjamin Alvarado

 

World War II

By Kathryn Wilson

A pile of manure saved the life of Benjamin Alvarado during World War II in 1944.

A private in Gen. George S. Patton's Third Army, he served in the 317th Infantry Regiment of the 80th Infantry Division. Alvarado and...

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Nicole Cruz

Homero Alvarado

Homero Alvarado  

World War II

By Kristen Clark

Homero Alvarado is a true American hero.

Born March 12, 1925, in Vera Cruz, Mexico, Alvarado and his 11 siblings, nine of whom are still living, were raised in a bilingual household by his Italian mother and Mexican...

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William Luna

Antonio Flores Alvarado

Antonio Flores Alvarado  

Vietnam

By Kassandra Balli

“I know I pulled him back to the safe area, but I don’t remember how I did it," said Vietnam veteran Tony Alvarado, recalling the day he rescued a fallen comrade during the battles for Hills 861 and 881.

When...

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Kassandra Balli

Raymond Phile Alvarado

Raymond P. Alvarado was interviewed by the VOCES Oral History Project in Denver, Colorado on August 9, 2010. Photo by Michelle Lojewski.  

World War II

By Mary Margaret Tobin

It was Nov. 26, 1943, and Pvt. Raymond Alvarado played poker with his buddies on the HMT Rohna as it sailed along the coast of Algeria. The soldiers were relaxed. They chatted about their wives and girlfriends back...

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Taylor Peterson

Adolfo Alvarez

Adolfo Alvarez  

Korean Conflict, Political & Civic Engagement

By Jacob Martella

Coming back from the Korean War, Adolfo Alvarez knew he had to do something with his life.

He had survived nine months along the 38th Parallel holding the line against the North Koreans, not knowing if he would...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Albert Jose Angel

Albert Jose Angel  

World War II

By Israel Saenz

After joining the Army during World War II, New Mexico native Albert Angel began fretting he’d spend the entire war fixing airplanes stateside, so he found his supervisor and confronted him:

"You're wasting your time...

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Norman L. Martinez

Philip Antuna

 

World War II

By Cheyenne Cozzalio

Brothers Ralph and Philip Antuna can joke now about the food they had to eat while stationed in Europe in 1944. But underneath the laughter is a note of relief they made it out of Europe alive after fighting in the...

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William Luna

Ralph Antuna

 

World War II

By Cheyenne Cozzalio

Brothers Ralph and Philip Antuna can joke now about the food they had to eat while stationed in Europe in 1944. But underneath the laughter is a note of relief they made it out of Europe alive after fighting in the...

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William Luna

Jose Aragon

Jose Aragon  

World War II

By Laura Lopez, California State University, Fullerton

Few people can claim to have been a veteran of three military branches.

And few can recall images of war as vividly as Jose Aragon did when, at the age of 84, he recounted his...

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Joseph Padilla

Joe A. Arambula

Joe A. Arambula  

World War II

By Michael Taylor

According to Joe Arambula, a veteran of some World War II's most intense battles in the European Theater, there is such a thing as being too careful in war. Seeing men killed for being too cautious made Arambula decide he'...

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Michael Taylor

Benerito Seferino Archuleta

Benerito Seferino Archuleta  

World War II

By Heather Hilliard

The six months Bennie Archuleta spent in battle in Europe during World War II changed his life forever.

As a 17-year-old teenager, he had rarely traveled outside of the American Southwest. But as a soldier in the...

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Brian Daugherty

Eva Maria Rains Archuleta

Eva Maria Rains Archuleta  

World War II

By Rachel Finney

Born in her grandmother's home in 1926, in the small agricultural town of Las Tusas in northern New Mexico, Eva Maria Archuleta lived a life of modest means, like most during the World War II era.

With no electricity...

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Adrianna Lujan

Daniel Thomas Archuleta

Daniel Archuleta was interviewed by the VOCES Oral History Project in Denver, Colorado at the Servicios de la Raza on August 9, 2010. Photo by Michelle Lojewski  

Vietnam

By Jonathan Woo

War can affect people in ways that no one can anticipate. Daniel Archuleta, a Vietnam War medic and Bronze Star recipient, might understand what Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn meant when he wrote: "Even if we are...

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Henry Velez

Dan Arellano

 

Read More Manuel Aviles-Santiago

Frank Arellano

 

World War II

By Veronica Sainz

In the early morning of Sunday, December 7, 1941, 22-year-old Frank Arellano had just gone down for breakfast at Schoffield Barracks, on the Hawiian Island of Oahu, when he heard the sound of machine guns firing. He looked...

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Rea Ann Trotter

Ubaldo Arizmendi

Ubaldo Arizmendi  

World War II

By Gin Kai

Ubalbo C. Arizmendi is grateful to have seen the world, but regrets having seen it at a time when it was trying to destroy itself.

Born in the South Texas town of Brownsville, Arizmendi was 8 when his mother died. Although...

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Andrea Shearer

Tom Armendariz

 

World War II

By Casey Zertuche

For 72-year-old Thomas Armendariz, it was difficult to conjure up memories of World War II, though he does recall being assigned to a unit that included many Mexican Americans.

"I wasn't a volunteer. I was drafted...

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William Luna

Jesus Leyva Armendaríz

Jesus Leyva Armendaríz  

World War II

By Ellie K. Fehd

Jesus Leyva Armendaríz went from the depths of poverty during his Depression-era childhood in El Paso, Texas, to unimagined heights as a member of the famed "Blue Devils" of World War II.

Armendaríz served as a medic...

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Mariel Garza

Albert Armendariz

Portrait of Albert Armendariz.  

World War II

By Shannon Owens

Albert Armendariz has practiced law in Texas for over 50 years. The 81-year-old WWII veteran spends many weekends driving to represent his immigrant clients in West Texas who are trapped in the legal system.

"It's...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Ceprian Armijo

Portrait of Ceprian Armijo.  

World War II

By Silky Shah

Ceprian Armijo started working on nearby farms with his father in his hometown of Avondale, Colorado when he was at about 8 years old. Little did he know that nearly ten years later he would be going off to fight in World War...

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Rea Ann Trotter

Andres Arredondo

Andres Arredondo  

World War II

By Valerie Venegas

Andres Arredondo dealt with adversity throughout his life. He overcome the death of his father at an early age and endured the torture of being a prisoner of war during World War II. Yet, through it all, he has managed to...

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Juan De la Cruz