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Teodoro Garcia

Teodoro Garcia  

World War II

By IRMA GARCIA

Teodoro Garcia grew up poor in Presidio, Texas, a small border town, during the Great Depression. To relieve the family's burden, he left home in Clovis, N.M., to live with his grandmother in Presidio. Garcia only reached...

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Ray Atencio

Carmen García-Rosado

Carmen Garcia-Rosado  

World War II

By Eduardo Miranda, California State University, Fullerton

While World War II was underway thousands of miles away, Carmen García Rosado, a young schoolteacher...

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Manuel Aviles-Santiago

Eduardo Cavazos Garza

Vietnam Vet, Eduardo Garza, was interviewed in San Antonio, Texas, on April 20, 2011. [Voces Oral History Project/Michelle J Lojewski]  

Vietnam

By Emily Macrander

"I'm a new man."

Eduardo Cavazos Garza was speaking to himself, or out loud. He wasn't sure and didn't really care. He was on a boat, floating down another South Vietnam river. It was the summer of 1969. He...

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Emily Macrander

Josué "George" Garza

Josué George Garza - Voces Oral History Project  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Taylor Gantt

In 1970, George Garza was a popular middle school teacher in Uvalde, Texas. But when the school board repeatedly declined to renew his contract, he became a central figure in a six-week school walkout that changed the...

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Prakriti Bhardwaj

Gonzalo Garza

Gonzalo Garza  

World War II

By Jennifer Gallo

Gonzalo Garza's commitment to the Marines Corps began with the recruiting pamphlet. Of the five principles dubbed as "pillars" for that institution, Garza was particularly serious about using education as a guide after...

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Juan Campos

Guadalupe I. Garza

Guadalupe I. Garza  

World War II

By Melanie Jarrett

By the time World War II ended, Guadalupe Garza had traveled hostile roads through French Morocco, Spanish Morocco, Algiers, Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, Gibraltar, Scotland, England, France, Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany and...

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Domingo Marquez

Moises Garza

Moises Garza  

World War II

By Joanna Watson

Although Joel Hernandez enlisted in the Army only because he couldn't find a job, he looks back on his military service as a blessing that enabled him to lead a fulfilling life.

The son of Mexican Revolution veteran...

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Yudith Vargas

Jose Guadalupe Garza

Jose Guadalupe Garza  

World War II

By Liliana Martinez

When Jose Guadalupe Garza was in the 9th grade in Brownsville, Texas, in 1937, his Anglo teacher asked him what he wanted to be when he grew up.

"I told her I wanted to be a lawyer, but she told me that I wanted to...

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Ms. Vanesa Salinas

Alejandro Paiz Garza

Alejandro Paiz Garza  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

When Alejandro P. Garza got called up for the war, he was working in a Houston shipyard as a welder. Garza was 18, and, the year before, had dropped out of A.C. Jones High School in his hometown of Beeville, Texas, to...

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Martin Montez

Rudy Vela Garza

 

World War II

By Elliott Blackburn

For Raul de la Garza, the cratered landscape was a constant reminder of just how close the battlefield was. De La Garza remembers one particular evening when he and fellow soldiers were laying communications wire. The...

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William Luna

Luis R. Garza

Luis R. Garza  

World War II

By Hason Halpert

For Air Force Gunner Luis Garza, the worst thing that could have happened to him during World War II occurred before he even got overseas.

“While we were waiting [to go overseas], my mother got a notice that my...

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Raquel C. Garza

Federico Garza Jr.

Federico Garza Jr.  

Political & Civic Engagement

By: Voces Staff

Federico Garza recalls his early childhood life. Garza grew up on a rural farm, seven miles north of Mission. He described his early life as selling tomatoes on the side of the road and getting into trouble. Growing...

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Chris Touma

Benigno Gaytan

Benigno Gaytan  

World War II

By Melissa Mendoza

“Most of my friends, they say, ‘Let’s join the Navy,’” said Benigno “Tony” Gaytan, when asked why he signed up for the Armed Forces during World War II.

“I said, ‘OK.’”

At 17, Gaytan was working as a stock...

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Amanda Peña

Richard Geissler

Richard Geissler  

Vietnam

By Joshua Avelar

For Richard Geissler Jr., a U.S. Army veteran who became a conscientious objector during the Vietnam War, passion for community activism shaped his life despite the many different communities he served and the overbearing...

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Frank Trejo

Narciso Gil

Narciso Gil - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Andy Valdez

The Gil family story is one of overcoming the Great Depression, discrimination and one of service: four of the Gil brothers would answer their country's call to arms.

Paul, Simón, Narciso and Otis would bear arms...

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Andrea Valdez

Otis Gil

Otis Gil - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Andy Valdez

The Gil family story is one of overcoming the Great Depression and discrimination, as well as one of service, as three of the four Gil brothers would answer their country's call to arms.

Paul, Narciso and Otis would...

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Andrea Valdez

Paul Gil

Paul Gil - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Andy Valdez

The Gil family story is one of overcoming the Great Depression and discrimination, as well as one of service, as three of the four Gil brothers would answer their country's call to arms.

Paul, Narciso and Otis would...

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Andrea Valdez

Pete Gil

Pete Gil - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Andy Valdez

The Gil family story is one of overcoming the Great Depression and discrimination, as well as one of service, as three of the four Gil brothers would answer their country's call to arms.

Paul, Narciso and Otis would...

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Andrea Valdez

Emiliano Espinosa Gimeno

Emiliano Gimeno - Voces Oral History Project - World War II collection  

World War II

By Brandon Fields, St. Bonaventure University

Emiliano E. Gimeno remembers that when Pearl Harbor was bombed by the Japanese, he initially did not realize how the event would change his life.

Born in El Paso, Texas, on Jan. 24...

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Joseph Padilla

Marcus Lopez Gomez

 

World War II

By Otto Smith-Goeke

Marcus Lopez Gomez has seen many forms of racial discrimination and difficult economic times throughout his life. As a veteran of World War II, Gomez's war experiences, family-oriented perspective and emphasis on work...

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Rene Zambrano

Fred Gomez

 

World War II

By Wesley Monier

To fulfill a promise made many years ago to a young soldier friend killed in battle, Ferdinand “Fred” Gomez named his oldest son Raymond. The two men vowed that if one of them died, the other one would name his first son...

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William Luna

Margaret Juárez Gómez

Margaret Gomez - Voces Oral History Project  

Political & Civic Engagement

By the Voces staff

Margaret J. Gómez credits her early political awareness to her father. He was a Mexican immigrant with little education, but he closely followed political and world events.

“He read the newspaper from cover...

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Arnold Garcia

Mike C Gomez

Mike C Gomez  

World War II

By Christine Powers

"I had a bitter taste in my mouth when I learned both my sons were drafted for Vietnam," said World War II veteran Mike Gomez.

He leaned forward in his seat, paused for a second and then emphasized: "A bitter taste...

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Ricardo Pimentel

Graciano Gomez

Graciano Gomez  - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Edwin de la Torre

Experiences change lives forever, and for Graciano Gomez, serving during World War II was the experience he said opened his eyes and mind to a greater picture. After his service he returned with new goals and a...

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Henry Mendoza

Johnnie Ramos Gonsalez

Johnnie Gonsalez  

World War II

By Alyson Espino

Johnnie Gonsalez can't recall much of his time serving in the military, but he remembers how grateful he was to make it back home alive.

Born in the small city of Florence, Kansas, Gonsalez grew up with three brothers...

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Tella Garcia

Abelardo Martinez Gonzales

Abelardo Gonzales with his two sisters in San Antonio, TX.  

World War II

By Trinidad Aguirre

A paratrooper and medical corpsman for the 507th Airborne Regiment, Abelardo M. Gonzales fought in World War II using bandages instead of bullets, tourniquets instead of bayonets.

Gonzales recalled his combat...

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Trinidad Tito Aguirre

Seferino Nino Gonzales

 

World War II

By Diana Pena

Sitting in front of a disassembled cuckoo clock, Seferino Nino Gonzales’ demeanor gave little hint that he was a veteran of at least two wars, which he described as a “very pleasant experience.”

At the time of his...

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Raquel Garza

Armando E. Gonzales

Armando E. Gonzales  

World War II

By Dionicia Rivera

Lying in a cold stream with a bullet wound to his chest, Armando E. Gonzales felt his body getting weaker. Surrounded by the enemy in the Aleutian Islands, Gonzales had been shot by a sniper; he thought his life was over...

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Jennifer Kelleher

Norman Gonzales

Norman Gonzales  

World War II

By Emiko Fitzgerald

It wasn't until he went for his physical, after being drafted in October of 1942, that Lufkin, Texas, native Norman Gonzales realized he was blind in one eye. However, that didn’t stop Gonzales from serving in the...

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Mr. Paul Rodriguez Zepeda

Pablo B. Gonzales

 

World War II

By Christine Pev

On Dec. 7, 1941, 20-year-old Pablo Gonzales heard on the radio in his hometown of Sabinal, Texas, that the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor, and he immediately wanted to enlist in the military to help defend his country....

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Jeffery K. Wantanabe

Juan Carlos Gonzales

Juan Carlos Gonzales  

Vietnam

By Lindsey Craun

As a child, Juan Carlos Gonzales felt destined to fight for his country. He grew up in a home surrounded by a father and four uncles who were World War II veterans, and he remembered feeling that patriotism and strategic...

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Valerie Martinez

Agapito Casarez Gonzalez

Agapito Casarez Gonzalez  

World War II

By Erika L. Martinez

When Agapito Casarez Gonzalez was drafted into the Army on June 2, 1942, he never imagined the horrors and devastation his eyes would have to see.

"The draft got me," Gonzalez said.

And even though his...

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Mary L. Nieves

Encarnacion A. Gonzalez

 

World War II

By DIONICIA RIVERA

Lying in a cold stream with a bullet wound to his chest, Encarnacion Armando Gonzales felt his body getting weaker and thought his life was over. Surrounded by the enemy in the Aleutian Islands, he had been shot by a...

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Jennifer Sinco Kelleher

Carmen R. Gonzalez

Carmen R. Gonzalez  

World War II

By Anthony Sobotik

Carmen Gonzalez has shouldered his responsibilities with grace

Gonzalez was milking cows at a neighbor's farm to help support his family by the time he was 12. And during World War II, he did his duty on the...

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Nicole Cruz

Ernest George Gonzalez

Ernest and Maddy Gonzales (wife) in 1999 at age 75.  

World War II

By Corina Kellam

Before the births of his son and three daughters, before trying his hand at professional golf training and real estate, Ernie Gonzalez was a naval engineer.

Gonzalez attended Oatman Grammar School in Arizona first...

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Rene Zambrano

Julian Gonzalez

Julian Gonzales as a Sergeant in WWII in 1945. Photo taken in San Antonio, TX.  

World War II

By Veronica Sainz

Raised with 11 sisters, four brothers and two pet javelinas in the small town of Chapin, Texas, no one could have guessed that Julian Gonzalez would become a decorated veteran of the Normandy invasion.

Gonzalez...

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Alfred G Gonzalez

 

Korean Conflict Read More Henry Mendoza

Telesfora Barbara Gonzales Gonzalez

Telesfora Barbara Gonzales Gonzalez  

World War II

By Emily Cox

Florence Gonzales Gonzalez set a strong example for her siblings and coworkers throughout her life with her hard work and efforts toward perfection.

“I became a Mrs. how-you-do-it,” said Gonzalez, recalling how she...

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Raquel C. Garza

Norberto M Gonzalez

Norberto M Gonzalez  

World War II

By Catherine Mathieson

Contrasts have defined Norberto Gonzalez's life.

Gonzalez appreciates the opportunities the United States has offered him; he came here because he saw none in the tiny Cuban village where he was born.

...

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Erika Martinez

Julian L. Gonzalez

Julian L. Gonzalez  

World War II

By Raquel C. Garza

Julian L. Gonzalez didn’t walk the stage during the Thomas A. Edison graduation ceremonies in May of 1944. Instead, his father walked the stage in his place.

"It was announced that I wasn't there, that [my father]...

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Veronica Franco

Roberto Gonzalez

Roberto Gonzalez  

World War II

By Beth Nottingham

Roberto Gonzalez had a Sunday tradition of listening to news about World War II on a big old radio in the living room with his dad, Catarino Gonzalez. Little did he know that his love of radio would be his ticket to...

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Kevin Bales

Jack Greenberg

 

Political & Civic Engagement

By Samantha Gallion

Jack Greenberg had been working with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People for 17 years in 1966, when he received repeated requests from Mexican Americans and Native Americans.

“We had...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Evelio Grillo

Evelio Grillo  

World War II

By Lindsay Graham

Raised in Ybor City, a Cuban neighborhood inside Tampa, Fla., Evelio Grillo attended black segregated schools and grew up with black role models.

"Black Cubans were closer to black Americans and white Cubans were...

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Mario Barrera

Elias Guajardo

portrait of Jesse Guajardo.  

World War II

By Kristen Henry

Deep blue, purple, coral. Even 60 years after Jesse Guajardo served in the Navy the colors of the seas and oceans he traveled still strike him.

"I went to the Pacific, the Pacific is blue," Guajardo reminisced at his...

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Kristin Henry

Joe M. Guajardo

Joe Guajardo  

World War II

Tribute provided by Grace Charles, daughter of Joe Medina Guajardo.

After two years of separation during World War II, U.S. Army soldier Joe Medina Guajardo was reunited by chance in Australia with his cousin, Juan Sanchez.

They...

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Juan F. Guajardo

Juan Guajardo  

By Anna Kavich

For Juan Guajardo, life before and after Vietnam was just as traumatic as the five months he spent overseas. From growing up surrounded by gang fights to struggling with post-traumatic stress disorder, the decorated U.S. Army...

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Anna Kavich

Rodolfo M. Guajardo

 

Korean Conflict Read More Liliana Rodriguez

Juventino Guerra

Juventino Guerra  

World War II

BY Juliana Torres

Raised in small towns and on ranches, Juventino Guerra never went far from home. Then WWII opened new opportunities to travel and learn other perspectives. He enlisted on Jan. 8, 1941, in San Antonio, Texas. Initially, he...

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Markel Rojas

Henry Martinez Guerra

Henry Martinez Guerra  

World War II

By Lindsay Fitzpatrick

From the fields of west Texas to the beaches of Normandy, Henry Guerra has fought adverse conditions to succeed. He spent much of his young life under the scorching Texas sun, picking cotton, spinach and radishes,...

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Brenda Sendejo

Roberto Guerra

 

World War II

By Lizette Romero

Roberto Guerra had a deep pride: pride in his military service in World War II; of his unit, which distinguished itself in Europe; of the many medals he earned for his actions; and of the woman who saw beyond his injuries...

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Mario J. Cruz