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Subject Collection Story Interviewed by

Jesus Herrera

Jesus Herrera  

World War II

By Jennifer Lindgren

Jesus Herrera risked his life as a Navy corpsman in Okinawa in May of 1945, assisting wounded soldiers under heavy enemy fire and, twice, rescuing hurt Marines and helping them to safety – while still under fire....

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Jane O’Brien

Jesse Herrera

Jesse Herrera - Voces Oral History Project - Vietnam War collection  

Vietnam

By the Voces Staff

Jesse Herrera grew up on the South Side of Chicago in a working-class neighborhood where many of his peers went straight from high school to jobs in the steel mills.

That wasn't the future he wanted for himself....

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Manuel Aviles-Santiago

Daniel M. Hinojosa

Dan Hinojosa was interviewed by Voces Oral History Project on Saturday, November 6, 2010 at the St. Louis Braden Keller Community Center in Castroville, Texas. (Voces Oral History Project/Marc Hamel)  

Vietnam

By Amy Bingham

As the first rays of sun peeked over the horizon, Daniel Hinojosa slowly opened his swollen, mosquito-bitten eyelids. The familiar sight of thick, damp jungle surrounded him. Inside his Army boots, Hinojosa felt the...

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Amy Bingham

Tony Holguin

 

World War II

By Jason Weddle

Tony Holguin would rather talk about golf than about the time he spent as a soldier in the Army during World War II. He even says he might very well have been the Tiger Woods of his day.

To Holguin’s credit, there...

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William Luna

Alfred Hurtado

Alfred Hurtado  

World War II

By Cara Seo, California State University, Fullerton

If anyone deserves to be called an American war hero it's Alfred Hurtado.

He survived the Normandy Invasion as well as the Battle of the Bulge and received 11 medals, including the...

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Joseph Padilla

Ed Idar

Portrait of Ed Idar.  

World War II, Political & Civic Engagement

By Liliana Martinez

When Ed Idar was a teenager living in Buenos Aires, a neighborhood in Laredo, Texas, he never thought he’d volunteer as a civilian for Station X in England, and go to India and China while in the Army.

"I came to...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Genoveva Islas

Genoveva Islas  

Voces of a Pandemic

By: Voces Staff

Genoveva works as the founder and director of the non-profit Cultiva la Salud, which works to promote health equity in the San Joaquin Valley of California. She works as a public health and policy advocate, utilizing her...

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Dominique Montiel Valle

Francisco Xavier Jacques

 

World War II

By Hiram Jacques

When he attempted to join the military after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941, Francisco “Frank” Xavier Jacques of the West Texas town of Sweetwater was turned away because of his lack of education; he’d only been to the...

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Joe Jaime

Joe Jaime  

World War II

By Ryan Martinez

After a childhood spent dealing with discrimination in a small Kansas City-area community, Joe Jaime figured once drafted in 1942 into the Army, he’d finally get the chance to earn his American citizenship and ease the...

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Mary Sanchez

Hernan E. Jaso

Hernan E. Jaso  

Vietnam

By Alex Loucel

“You can follow around and ask anyone 50 to 100 miles about Hernan Jaso, and you’ll find that somebody knows the kid,” Jaso said of himself.

After his tour of duty in Vietnam, Jaso turned to public policy and a goal of...

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Tina Hughes

Antonio Jasso

Antonio Jasso  

World War II

By Sarah Culler

Antonio Jasso wanted to make sure no one considered him a war hero.

“I didn’t see no war … I’m not gonna take credit or say that I saw action. I didn’t. I was, thanks to God, a cook in the Navy. I had it made in...

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Mr. John Jasso

Joe Ramirez Jasso

Joe Ramirez Jasso - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Tony Cantú

Among his siblings, four of whom would join him in the war effort, Jose Ramirez "Joe" Jasso is remembered as el cabezudo, the hard-headed one of the bunch, always getting into trouble as a youth.

Jasso had grown...

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Mrs. Evelyn Jasso-Garcia

Jesus Jasso

 

World War II

Mexican immigrants Antonio Jasso and Genoveva Ramirez Jasso, who picked cotton in South Texas, would see five of their sons go off to war.

Their granddaughter, Evelyn Jasso Garcia, set out to record their story, and that of her...

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Francisco Jasso

 

World War II

Mexican immigrants Antonio Jasso and Genoveva Ramirez Jasso, who picked cotton in South Texas, would see five of their sons go off to war.

Their granddaughter, Evelyn Jasso Garcia, set out to record their story, and that of her...

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Trinidad Jasso

 

World War II

Mexican immigrants Antonio Jasso and Genoveva Ramirez Jasso, who picked cotton in South Texas, would see five of their sons go off to war.

Their granddaughter, Evelyn Jasso Garcia, set out to record their story, and that of her...

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Tomas Jasso

 

World War II

Mexican immigrants Antonio Jasso and Genoveva Ramirez Jasso, who picked cotton in South Texas, would see five of their sons go off to war.

Their granddaughter, Evelyn Jasso Garcia, set out to record their story, and that of her...

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Antonio R. Jasso

 

World War II

Mexican immigrants Antonio Jasso and Genoveva Ramirez Jasso, who picked cotton in South Texas, would see five of their sons go off to war.

Their granddaughter, Evelyn Jasso Garcia, set out to record their story, and that of her...

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Fernando Jimenez

Fernando Jimenez  

Voces of a Pandemic

By: Voces Staff

Fernando Jimenez was born in Valle de Bravo, Mexico, and at 27 years old found himself in the United States in pursuit of the “American Dream.” Since his first day in the U.S., work has been his main...

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Vincent Peña

Charles Paul Jones

Charles Paul Urbina Jones - Voces Oral History Project  

Vietnam

By Catherine Murphy

Growing up in San Antonio, Texas, Charles Paul Jones was no stranger to diversity. Jones’ neighborhood on the west side of town included Belgians, Germans, Hispanics, Italians and Lebanese.

“It was a Brooklyn...

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Catherine Murphy

Julius V. Joseph

Julius Joesph (left closest to camera)and his unit at Camp Bullas in San Antonio, TX in 1941.  

World War II

By Jacob Collazo

At the onset of the Korean War in 1952, Julius V. Joseph, a veteran of World War I and II called his local recruiting office to volunteer his service. The recruiter asked Joseph if he had ever served in the military,...

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Jacob Collazo

Rafaela Navarro Juarez

 

World War II

By Rebecca De Leon

At the age of 18, Rafaela Navarro’s faith was tested. In 1942, her soon-to-be husband, Anastacio Juarez, was called to fight in World War II, leaving her and his family to fret about his safety.

Anastacio’s cousin...

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Julio C. Ovando

Ruperto Soto Juarez

Ruperto S. Juarez, 1950 in San Diego.  

World War II

By Amanda Crane

Ruperto Soto Juarez, of Norwalk, Ca., has not had an easy life: he was orphaned as an adolescent; he quit school as a child, he fibbed about his age in order to join the Navy and serve his country in WWII. He has been a...

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Valerie Talavera-Bustillos

Anastacio Juarez

 

World War II

By Juan de la Cruz

As the only Mexican American in his troop, Anastacio Perez Juarez experienced problems not normally encountered by other soldiers.

Because of his limited English, even the simplest commands -- forward, march, halt,...

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Alicia Perez

Manuel Juarez

Manuel Juarez  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, 14-year-old Manuel Juarez was raring to go.

“I had been keeping up with the war in Europe, so I was more or less aware of what was going on,” recalled Juarez...

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George Dobosh

Albert Henry Kauffman

Al Kauffman  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Amayeli Arnal-Reveles

Al Kauffman's middle-class background, attending segregated schools in Galveston, Texas, might not have seemed to prepare him for a role in Mexican American civil rights. But other aspects of his life - he was a...

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Amayeli Arnal-Reveles

Beatrice Amado Kissinger

Beatrice Amado Kissinger (left) and Carmen Romero Phillips (right) - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Amanda Traphagan

World War II gave Beatrice Amado Kissinger a ticket out of her small-town life in southern Arizona and into the big city adventure of serving as a Navy nurse in San Francisco.

When the United States entered the...

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Ernesto Portillo

George J Korbel

George Korbel  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Vinicio Sinta

For George Joseph Korbel, going back to Pearsall, Texas, a city about 55 miles southwest of San Antonio, unearthed memories of a time when Mexican American and black Texans were almost completely excluded from the...

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Mr. Vinicio Sinta

Luis J. Landin

Luis Landin displays a Viet Cong flag at the AT&T Executive and Conference Center, University of Texas, Austin on Saturday, October 3, 2009. Mr. Landin attended our 10th anniversary and was interviewed by Raquel Garza. (Photo: Marc Hamel)  

Korean Conflict, Vietnam

By Brett Alexander

"When you get ambushed, you're supposed to get killed."

That's what the Army tells every soldier during training, Luis Landin said.

"But for me," he added, "my life consisted of events that weren't normal, so...

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Raquel Garza

Alfonso Lara

Alfonso Lara  

World War II

The Other Soldiers

Little-remembered treaty sent 300,000 sons of Mexico to the United States during WWII; their weapons were their labor-hardy bodies

By Violeta Dominguez

The battlefield wasn’t the only place where...

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Violeta Dominguez

Joe Henry Lazarine

Joe Henry Lazarine  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Joe Henry Lazarine’s interview is more of a conversation between two old friends than a question and answer session. After all, Lazarine was raised in Beeville, and so was interviewer Eloy Rodriguez, the son of one of...

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Eloy Rodriguez

Josephine Kelly Ledesma Walker

Josephine Ledesma teaches a soldier how to repair the fuselage of an airplane at Randolph Field, San Antonio, TX on Jan.1942.  

World War II

By Monica Rivera

When she was being trained as an airplane mechanic in the 1940s, Josephine Ledesma was the only woman in her training group. Later, as an airplane mechanic at Bergstrom Air Field, she was one of three women out of her...

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Monica Rivera

Salvador S Leon

Salvador S Leon  

World War II

By Melanie Boehm

Salvador León had a choice during World War II: either take the automatic deferment provided for a family's last son not in the military, or serve his country.

Salvador went anyway.

"My mom said, 'This country...

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Ismael Martinez

Joe G. Lerma

Portrait of Joe G. Lerma.  

World War II

By Chris Nay

Even before arriving at the European concentration camps in 1945, Joe Lerma of San Diego and his division could smell the dead.

"The sight and smell of human death is terrible," he said.

His division's job was to...

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Rene Zambrano

Leon Leura

Leon\Jack\"Leura after basic training in Sharon, PA in Dec. 1942."  

World War II

By ISMAEL MARTINEZ

In the beginning of 1944, 22-year-old Tech. Pvt. Leon "Jack" Leura was among the American troops able to cross the raging Rapido River, and help gain control of Italy. That summer, a wounded Leura would be taken prisoner...

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Frank O. Sotomayor

Mario Lewis

Mario Lewis  

Political & Civic Engagement

In high school in El Paso, TX, Mario Lewis was told to forget college, that he “could not compete with Anglos,” recalled Lewis, a Mexican American. But others saw promise in Lewis as he became active in the Junior League of United Latin American...

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Robert Leyva

Robert Leyva  

World War II

By Andrea R. Williams

In the midst of conflict, Robert Leyva sometimes would think the enemy troops killed in World War II could have been among his friends in another time and place. This kind of love of mankind is a mainstay in Leyva's...

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Andrea Williams

Luis Leyva

Luis Leyva  

World War II

By Monica Flores

Feeling like a full-fledged American despite lacking a U.S. birth certificate, Luis Leyva never let his Mexican citizenship status affect his dedication to his adopted homeland.

Born to Mexican parents Guadalupe...

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Mary Alice Carnes

Alejandro M. Lizárraga

Alejandro Lizarraga - Voces Oral History Project  

Korean Conflict

The late 1940s and 1950s were tense times in America. Fear of Communism was spreading, and Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union were growing. In 1950, communist North Korea sent troops into South Korea, and the U.S. came to South Korea’s aid,...

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Martin Lizarraga

Teresa Lozano Long

Teresa Lozano Long  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Lindsay Fitzpatrick

Growing up on her parents’ dairy farm in South Texas, Teresa Lozano Long learned the importance of education and philanthropy early in life.

“My parents believed that you went to school everyday,” Lozano Long...

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Brenda Sendejo

Felix Longoria

Felix Longoria  

World War II

By Ashlyn Shadden

When Felix Longoria enlisted in the Army in October of 1940 as a 20‐year‐old from the South Texas town of Beeville, he had no idea what he was getting into.

Four years later, the United States was in the midst of...

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Oscar Gomez

Heriberto Longoria

Heriberto Longoria, Sr. at is home in McAllen, TX during his interview with the U.S. Latino and Latina World War II Oral History Project.  

World War II

by Minette Hernandez

MCALLEN, Texas -- Ask Heriberto Longoria, Sr. about the license plate on his 1996 Mercury Grand Marquis, and he will proudly tell you the piece of metal, which displays a Purple Heart, cost him only three dollars. To...

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Minette Hernandez

Quirino Longoria

Quirino Longoria  

World War II

By Laura Carroll

Quirino Longoria recalls joining the long Navy tradition of being initiated – or, according to some, hazed – a “Shellback” upon his virgin crossing of the Equator in 1945. New seamen are designated “Polliwogs” until they...

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Elizabeth Fisanick

Erasmo G. Lopez

Erasmo G. Lopez  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Erasmo G. Lopez spent a good chunk of his twenties on the front lines of battle, both in World War II and the Korean War.

Born and raised in San Antonio, Texas, Lopez was drafted into the Army in 1942 at the...

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Rudolph Lopez

Rudy Lopez was interviewed at the Arizona Historical Society Museum at Papago Park in Tempe, Arizona, on August 16, 2010. (Photo By: Marc Hamel)  

Vietnam

By Stephanie De Luna

Growing up in Phoenix, Rudolph “Rudy” Lopez knew that he was destined to serve in the military. Born in 1946, Lopez grew up in a close-knit family with a long line of military war heroes.

“We were very...

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Valeria Fernandez

Vicenta Sanchez Lopez

Vicenta Sánchez-López  

World War II

By Mary Mejia

In 1938, Vicenta Sanchez Lopez became the first Mexican American woman to graduate from her high school in her predominantly Anglo home town of Sonora, Texas, about 200 miles west of Austin. Just one year earlier, the first...

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Taylor Peterson

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez

 

World War II

By Karina Valenzuela

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez's memories of World War II revolve around her brother, Apolonio “Polo” Pardo, Jr., whom she describes as a quiet and serious man.

Polo got as far as the fifth grade before quitting to work...

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Joe V. Lopez

Joe V. Lopez  

World War II

By Ronnie Zamora

Joe Lopez can recall a time when serving in the military was the furthest thing from his mind. The idea of firing a rifle at an enemy was only a part of the childhood games he used to play with his brothers.

Lopez...

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Steven Rosales

Genaro V Lopez

Genaro Lopez  

World War II

By Simon Wagner, St. Bonaventure University

World War II "actually made a man out of me," Genaro V. Lopez told his son, Genaro, during their father-to-son interview for the Voces Oral History Project.

Born April 8, 1925, in...

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Mr. Genaro C. Lopez

Eliceo Lopez

Eliseo Lopez (right) and fellow soldier Sortorio stand against the backdrop of the jungle in Bouganville, 1944.  

World War II

By Kimberly Tilley

On the walls of a small, comfortable East Austin residence, family photographs fill the house. A framed photo of a beaming couple sits on the mantle, and an adjacent bedroom contains a small altar with a photo,...

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Kimberly Tilley

Severo Paul Lopez

Severo Lopez was interviewed by the Voces Oral History Project on Thursday, January 6, 2011 at the Community Settlement Association of Riverside in Riverside, California. (©2011 Voces Oral History Project / Marc Hamel)  

World War II

By Sonia Alvarez and Joe Muller

Due to his father's career as a casting agent and magazine entertainment writer, Severo Lopez always held a special place in his...

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Frank Sotomayor