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Table containing information and links for subjects in the site.
Subject Collection Story Interviewed by

Ruperto Soto Juarez

Ruperto S. Juarez, 1950 in San Diego.  

World War II

By Amanda Crane

Ruperto Soto Juarez, of Norwalk, Ca., has not had an easy life: he was orphaned as an adolescent; he quit school as a child, he fibbed about his age in order to join the Navy and serve his country in WWII. He has been a...

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Valerie Talavera-Bustillos

Anastacio Juarez

 

World War II

By Juan de la Cruz

As the only Mexican American in his troop, Anastacio Perez Juarez experienced problems not normally encountered by other soldiers.

Because of his limited English, even the simplest commands -- forward, march, halt,...

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Alicia Perez

Manuel Juarez

Manuel Juarez  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, 14-year-old Manuel Juarez was raring to go.

“I had been keeping up with the war in Europe, so I was more or less aware of what was going on,” recalled Juarez...

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George Dobosh

Albert Henry Kauffman

Al Kauffman  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Amayeli Arnal-Reveles

Al Kauffman's middle-class background, attending segregated schools in Galveston, Texas, might not have seemed to prepare him for a role in Mexican American civil rights. But other aspects of his life - he was a...

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Amayeli Arnal-Reveles

Beatrice Amado Kissinger

Beatrice Amado Kissinger (left) and Carmen Romero Phillips (right) - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Amanda Traphagan

World War II gave Beatrice Amado Kissinger a ticket out of her small-town life in southern Arizona and into the big city adventure of serving as a Navy nurse in San Francisco.

When the United States entered the...

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Ernesto Portillo

George J Korbel

George Korbel  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Vinicio Sinta

For George Joseph Korbel, going back to Pearsall, Texas, a city about 55 miles southwest of San Antonio, unearthed memories of a time when Mexican American and black Texans were almost completely excluded from the...

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Mr. Vinicio Sinta

Luis J. Landin

Luis Landin displays a Viet Cong flag at the AT&T Executive and Conference Center, University of Texas, Austin on Saturday, October 3, 2009. Mr. Landin attended our 10th anniversary and was interviewed by Raquel Garza. (Photo: Marc Hamel)  

Korean Conflict, Vietnam

By Brett Alexander

"When you get ambushed, you're supposed to get killed."

That's what the Army tells every soldier during training, Luis Landin said.

"But for me," he added, "my life consisted of events that weren't normal, so...

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Raquel Garza

Alfonso Lara

Alfonso Lara  

World War II

The Other Soldiers

Little-remembered treaty sent 300,000 sons of Mexico to the United States during WWII; their weapons were their labor-hardy bodies

By Violeta Dominguez

The battlefield wasn’t the only place where...

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Violeta Dominguez

Joe Henry Lazarine

Joe Henry Lazarine  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Joe Henry Lazarine’s interview is more of a conversation between two old friends than a question and answer session. After all, Lazarine was raised in Beeville, and so was interviewer Eloy Rodriguez, the son of one of...

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Eloy Rodriguez

Josephine Kelly Ledesma Walker

Josephine Ledesma teaches a soldier how to repair the fuselage of an airplane at Randolph Field, San Antonio, TX on Jan.1942.  

World War II

By Monica Rivera

When she was being trained as an airplane mechanic in the 1940s, Josephine Ledesma was the only woman in her training group. Later, as an airplane mechanic at Bergstrom Air Field, she was one of three women out of her...

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Monica Rivera

Salvador S Leon

Salvador S Leon  

World War II

By Melanie Boehm

Salvador León had a choice during World War II: either take the automatic deferment provided for a family's last son not in the military, or serve his country.

Salvador went anyway.

"My mom said, 'This country...

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Ismael Martinez

Joe G. Lerma

Portrait of Joe G. Lerma.  

World War II

By Chris Nay

Even before arriving at the European concentration camps in 1945, Joe Lerma of San Diego and his division could smell the dead.

"The sight and smell of human death is terrible," he said.

His division's job was to...

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Rene Zambrano

Leon Leura

Leon\Jack\"Leura after basic training in Sharon, PA in Dec. 1942."  

World War II

By ISMAEL MARTINEZ

In the beginning of 1944, 22-year-old Tech. Pvt. Leon "Jack" Leura was among the American troops able to cross the raging Rapido River, and help gain control of Italy. That summer, a wounded Leura would be taken prisoner...

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Frank O. Sotomayor

Robert Leyva

Robert Leyva  

World War II

By Andrea R. Williams

In the midst of conflict, Robert Leyva sometimes would think the enemy troops killed in World War II could have been among his friends in another time and place. This kind of love of mankind is a mainstay in Leyva's...

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Andrea Williams

Luis Leyva

Luis Leyva  

World War II

By Monica Flores

Feeling like a full-fledged American despite lacking a U.S. birth certificate, Luis Leyva never let his Mexican citizenship status affect his dedication to his adopted homeland.

Born to Mexican parents Guadalupe...

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Mary Alice Carnes

Alejandro M. Lizárraga

Alejandro Lizarraga - Voces Oral History Project  

Korean Conflict

The late 1940s and 1950s were tense times in America. Fear of Communism was spreading, and Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union were growing. In 1950, communist North Korea sent troops into South Korea, and the U.S. came to South Korea’s...

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Martin Lizarraga

Teresa Lozano Long

Teresa Lozano Long  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Lindsay Fitzpatrick

Growing up on her parents’ dairy farm in South Texas, Teresa Lozano Long learned the importance of education and philanthropy early in life.

“My parents believed that you went to school everyday,” Lozano Long...

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Brenda Sendejo

Felix Longoria

Felix Longoria  

World War II

By Ashlyn Shadden

When Felix Longoria enlisted in the Army in October of 1940 as a 20‐year‐old from the South Texas town of Beeville, he had no idea what he was getting into.

Four years later, the United States was in the midst of...

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Oscar Gomez

Heriberto Longoria

Heriberto Longoria, Sr. at is home in McAllen, TX during his interview with the U.S. Latino and Latina World War II Oral History Project.  

World War II

by Minette Hernandez

MCALLEN, Texas -- Ask Heriberto Longoria, Sr. about the license plate on his 1996 Mercury Grand Marquis, and he will proudly tell you the piece of metal, which displays a Purple Heart, cost him only three dollars. To...

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Minette Hernandez

Quirino Longoria

Quirino Longoria  

World War II

By Laura Carroll

Quirino Longoria recalls joining the long Navy tradition of being initiated – or, according to some, hazed – a “Shellback” upon his virgin crossing of the Equator in 1945. New seamen are designated “Polliwogs” until they...

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Elizabeth Fisanick

Erasmo G. Lopez

Erasmo G. Lopez  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Erasmo G. Lopez spent a good chunk of his twenties on the front lines of battle, both in World War II and the Korean War.

Born and raised in San Antonio, Texas, Lopez was drafted into the Army in 1942 at the...

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Rudolph Lopez

Rudy Lopez was interviewed at the Arizona Historical Society Museum at Papago Park in Tempe, Arizona, on August 16, 2010. (Photo By: Marc Hamel)  

Vietnam

By Stephanie De Luna

Growing up in Phoenix, Rudolph “Rudy” Lopez knew that he was destined to serve in the military. Born in 1946, Lopez grew up in a close-knit family with a long line of military war heroes.

“We were very...

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Valeria Fernandez

Vicenta Sanchez Lopez

Vicenta Sánchez-López  

World War II

By Mary Mejia

In 1938, Vicenta Sanchez Lopez became the first Mexican American woman to graduate from her high school in her predominantly Anglo home town of Sonora, Texas, about 200 miles west of Austin. Just one year earlier, the first...

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Taylor Peterson

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez

 

World War II

By Karina Valenzuela

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez's memories of World War II revolve around her brother, Apolonio “Polo” Pardo, Jr., whom she describes as a quiet and serious man.

Polo got as far as the fifth grade before quitting to work...

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Genaro V Lopez

Genaro Lopez  

World War II

By Simon Wagner, St. Bonaventure University

World War II "actually made a man out of me," Genaro V. Lopez told his son, Genaro, during their father-to-son interview for the Voces Oral History Project.

Born April 8, 1925, in...

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Mr. Genaro C. Lopez

Joe V. Lopez

Joe V. Lopez  

World War II

By Ronnie Zamora

Joe Lopez can recall a time when serving in the military was the furthest thing from his mind. The idea of firing a rifle at an enemy was only a part of the childhood games he used to play with his brothers.

Lopez...

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Steven Rosales

Severo Paul Lopez

Severo Lopez was interviewed by the Voces Oral History Project on Thursday, January 6, 2011 at the Community Settlement Association of Riverside in Riverside, California. (©2011 Voces Oral History Project / Marc Hamel)  

World War II

By Sonia Alvarez and Joe Muller

Due to his father's career as a casting agent and magazine entertainment writer, Severo Lopez always held a special place in his...

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Frank Sotomayor

Eliceo Lopez

Eliseo Lopez (right) and fellow soldier Sortorio stand against the backdrop of the jungle in Bouganville, 1944.  

World War II

By Kimberly Tilley

On the walls of a small, comfortable East Austin residence, family photographs fill the house. A framed photo of a beaming couple sits on the mantle, and an adjacent bedroom contains a small altar with a photo,...

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Kimberly Tilley

Jose Angel Lopez

 

World War II

By Ayesha Mirza

Jose Angel Lopez saw myriad battlegrounds while braving the frontlines across France, Belgium and Germany in World War II.

His tales of loss and heroism are as abundant as the grains of sand on the Normandy coast. He...

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Rea Ann Trotter

Gilbert Lopez

Gilbert Lopez  

World War II

By Ismael Martinez

Gilbert Lopez was born Sept. 30, 1919, in Azusa, northeast of Los Angeles. His father, Victorio Jose Lopez, worked for the Works Progress Administration (WPA) as a stonemason. Lopez' mother, Dephene Lopez, was a homemaker...

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Jack Steingart

Crecencio Lopez

Crecencio Lopez  

World War II

By Nicole Dreyer

As a ranch hand, Cresencio Lopez didn't get much news about what was happening overseas in World War II. Some neighbors and his cousin had been drafted, and it was hard to get information from them. Later, when Lopez was...

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Brian Lucero

Jose M. Lopez

Jose M. Lopez  

World War II

By Ernie Carrido

Jose M. Lopez is one of the 12 Latino World War II veterans to have received the Congressional Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military accolade. He had a difficult childhood, but maintained a fervent belief in the...

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Manuel Medrano

Anthony Duane Lopez

Anthony Duane Lopez  

World War II

By Anjli Mehta

Looking back on his childhood, Anthony D. Lopez chuckled to himself and said, “Yeah, I was a runaround kid.” Maybe it was all that running around that got him through years of combat leading up to the liberation of the...

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Henry Velez

Felix Angel Lopez - Santos

Felix Angel Lopez - Santos  

World War II

By Juan de la Cruz

Felix López-Santos's early memories of his native Puerto Rico include watching everything float away from his front porch during the big San Felipe storm of 1928. After his Barrio Ceiba was washed away, his family moved...

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Doralis Perez-Soto

David Loredo

David Loredo  

World War II

By Emma Graves Fitzsimmons

When David Loredo was shot in the stomach in the hills of the Philippines during World War II, his first thought was he’d never see his mother again.

"I remember standing there in a daze," Loredo said. "I...

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Derlin Rodriguez Loya

Derlin Rodriguez Loya  

World War II

By Evelyn Ngugi

Four days after his eighteenth birthday, rookie soldier Derlin Loya set sail for Germany on May 18, 1946.

By that time, Germany and Japan had already surrendered to Allied Forces, so Loya never had to face day-to-day...

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Adolfo Dominguez

Guadalupe R. Loya

Lupe Loya  

World War II

By Andres Quintero

When Guadalupe "Lupe" Loya, Jr. was drafted into World War II, he was working at a Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Wyoming.

Loya returned to his hometown of Beeville, Texas, before heading to San Antonio to meet...

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Alcario Alvarado

Placido Jose Lozano

 

World War II

By Andrew Stark, St. Bonaventure University and Alicia Machuca, Cal State Fullerton

On Dec. 7, 1941, Placido Jose Lozano was at a movie theater, enjoying a soda and 25-cent popcorn with his friends. Suddenly the film stopped, and the...

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Mike Zambrano

Augustin Lucio

Augustin Lucio  

World War II

By Denise Chávarri

In the Army, Agustin Lucio, a 10th-grade dropout from a farming community outside San Marcos, Texas, noticed that many other young soldiers were educated or had finished high school. So, while in training, he decided to...

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Denise Chávarri

Manuel Rubin Lugo

Manuel Lugo in 1970.  

Korean Conflict

By Haley Dawson

Manuel Lugo boarded a plane in Okinawa, Japan, in November 1969 on the last leg of his journey to Vietnam. From the U.S. mainland to Hawaii and then to Okinawa, the flights had been lively—chattering, joking, laughing. But “...

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Michelle Lojewski

Eleazar M. Lugo

Eleazar Lugo - Voces Oral History Project  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Anusha Lalani

As the son of migrant farm workers, Eleazar Lugo might not have seemed a likely leader of a six-week school walkout in Uvalde, Texas. But in April of 1970, only a few...

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Jorge Haynes

Juan Lujan

Juan Lujan  

World War II

By Joel Weickgenant

As a 20-year-old at the end of 1942, Juan Lujan remembers thinking World War II was passing him by. He wanted to participate in the war effort, but he’d promised his mother he wouldn't volunteer.

In the end, it was...

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Joel Weickgenant

Lorenza Terrones Lujano

 

World War II

By Katie Woody

Lorenza Terrones Lujano has battled prejudice, assumed a traditionally male role as an athlete and worked diligently to send all four of her children to college, an opportunity she never had.

Lujano was born Sept. 5,...

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Patricia Aguirre

Frances Rodriguez Luna

Frances Luna  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Joan Vinson

Politics in small-town Texas were very different when Frances Luna was young. Back in the days of the poll tax, politicians would offer to cover the fee to encourage local residents to vote for them.

Luna said that...

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Joan Vinson

Lazaro Lupian

Portrait of Larazo Lupian dedicated to his sister.  

World War II

By Alison Kelley

Lazaro Lupian doesn't think his accomplishments during World War II were a big deal; the only true war heroes, he says, are the ones that don't come back.

Some would disagree, especially family members who still...

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Rene Zambrano

Arturo Madrid

 

Political & Civic Engagement

By: Voces Staff

Arturo Madrid recalls his involvement in the South Texas Border Initiative. Madrid hosted the community groups that were also involved in the South Texas Border Initiative and wanted to establish various goals that...

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Scarlett Gamiz

Richard Manriquez

Richard Manriquez  

Vietnam

By Jordan Haeger

Richard Manriquez served one tour in Vietnam, and he came back a changed man. He saw dead Americans, 15-year-old Vietnamese prostitutes and young suicide bombers.

It took him a long time to begin to heal.

"War...

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Jordan Haeger

Johnnie Marino

Johnnie Marino  

World War II

By Robert Mayer

Johnnie Marino was working as a tinsmith in Houston, having learned the trade from President Roosevelt's National Youth Administration program, when he heard about Hitler's running amok in Europe.

In October of 1940,...

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Mr. Paul Rodriguez Zepeda

Alberto Ochoa Marquez

Alberto Ochoa Marquez  

World War II

By Tara Wilcox-G.

Alberto Marquez remembers an autumn day in Houston in 1942 when he and a friend went out for hot dogs and, by the time they returned home, they’d decided to volunteer to fight in World War II.

While...

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Mercurio & Mrs. Martinez

Mercurio Martinez was interviewed on March 6, 2010 at the Laredo Community College library in Laredo, Texas.  

Vietnam

By Vidushi Shrimali

Mercurio Martinez Jr. has never served in the armed forces, but both he and his hometown of Laredo, Texas, have been touched by veterans from World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Martinez said his...

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Frank Trejo