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Ricardo Martinez Bustos

Ricardo Martinez Bustos  

World War II

By Layron Livingston

Before entering World War II, Richard M. Bustos, Sr. endured a different kind of battle. As an adolescent in rural southeastern Texas, he encountered racial segregation and discrimination daily.

“On signs, you’d...

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Mr. Paul Rodriguez Zepeda

Máximo Perez Butanda

Máximo Perez Butanda  

World War II

The Other Soldiers

Little-remembered treaty sent 300,000 sons of Mexico to the United States during WWII; their weapons were their labor-hardy bodies

By Violeta Dominguez

The battlefield wasn’t the only place where...

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Violeta Dominguez

Alberto Z. Caballero

Alberto Z. Caballero  

World War II

By Na Kyung Kim

General society’s prevailing atmosphere of racial discrimination couldn’t shake the strong comradeship present in the Army for Albert Caballero, who began his service in 1940 with the 36th Infantry Division. Though he...

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Steve G. Treviño

Herminia Guerrero Cadena

Herminia Guerrero Cadena  

World War II

By Ashley Hitson

Without prior understanding of the war or its impact on the world, young Herminia Cadena watched her brother leave home to join the Marines.

"I didn't recognize the importance [of the war] until my brother went in,"...

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Erika Martinez

Manuel & Mrs. Herminia Cadena

Manuel & Mrs. Herminia Cadena  

World War II

By Francisco H. Cortes

Manuel Cavazos Cadena was only a boy during WWII. But he witnessed the effects the war had in one of the several towns he lived in: San Marcos, Texas.

Two of his brothers were employed because of the war, when...

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Antonio Cantú

Luis Aguilar Calderon

Luis Aguilar Calderon  

World War II

Soon after his 18th birthday, Luis A. Calderon was drafted into the Army. He fought with the 75th Infantry Division for 94 consecutive days ending on April 13, 1945. That relatively short period of time in his life would have lasting effects on...

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Manuel F. Calderon

Manuel F. Calderon  

World War II

By Cheryl Smith Kemp

Manuel Calderon’s crossed arms seemed to reflect his mood when asked if he was drafted into World War II.

“Of course,” replied Calderon, who served in the Army for four years.

Not happy about his afternoon...

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Cheryl Smith Kemp

Ernesto Calderón

Ernesto Calderon (right) and Terrell A. Guillory (left) seen here at Clark Field on the Philippines Island of Luzon. The two served at Clark Field and coincidentally grew up in the same neighborhood in Waco, Texas. 1948  

World War II

By Miguel A. Castro

Ernesto Calderon was just 18 years old and living in Central Texas in 1946 when his life took an unexpected turn.

Eldon and Lloyd Adams, two brothers, asked him if he wanted to go with him to the drive-in theater at...

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Miguel Castro

Isaac Camacho

Isaac Camacho  

Vietnam

By Anna Kavich

Army Capt. Isaac Camacho vividly recalled the terrible night when he was captured by Viet Cong. It was the night of President John F. Kennedy’s assassination in Dallas, Texas. He was held for nearly two years until...

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Robert Rivas

Carmel Sandoval Camacho

Carmel Camacho  

World War II

By Ajay Patel

Carmel Camacho's father told him as a young boy that, if he was kind to other people, then he would never have trouble getting along with anyone. Camacho took his father's words to heart, working as a medic in the Army,...

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Liliana Rodriguez

Manuel Camarillo

Manuel Camarillo  

World War II

By Kayla Young

Peering through the door he’d just kicked in with his combat boots, the Manuel Camarillo serving on the front lines of World War II Germany was a different man from the one he’d been back in South El Paso. Back then, he’d...

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Raquel C. Garza

Diego Campa

Diego Campa  

World War II

By Elizabeth Wilder

Diego Campa wanted nothing more than to live a simple American life while retaining his Mexican heritage.

Campa’s family and friends held lively celebrations of Mexican culture, but outside this cocoon -- even at...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Ventura Terrones Campa

Ventura Terrones Campa  

World War II

By Nathan Wyman

For Ventura Terrones Campa, the gravity and brutality of World War II often seemed distant to her while living in the Kansas heartland of America. Like many thousands of wives left to raise their children while their...

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Delia J. Lujan

Antonio V. Campos

 

World War II

By Alyssa Armentrout

When an officer interrupted training to ask, "Does anybody here play the trumpet?" Antonio Campos stepped up and raised his hand.

"I play the trumpet," he replied. Campos ended up getting assigned to one of...

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William Luna

Natividad Campos

Natividad Campos  

World War II

By Erika Jaramillo

World War II veteran Natividad Campos says he felt like an old man by the age of 9.

Kidnapped by his father at age 3 and raised by his Spanish-speaking grandmother, Campos, the oldest son of four, had no formal...

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Beatriz Guerrero

Antonio Campos

Antonio Campos  

World War II

By Betsy Clickman

Antonio Campos has devoted his life to fighting for the advancement of Latinos, engaging in civil rights work that has given Hispanics in South Texas a "head start."

As a child, having to share a bed with siblings...

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Veronica Garza

Jesse T. Campos

Jesse T. Campos  

World War II

By Jordan Godwin

Jesse Campos wears a World War II Veteran hat garnished with a dozen medals and pins that magnify his 5-foot frame. Taking off the hat reveals the same impressively full head of hair he’s had all his life.

“I’ve...

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Mrs. Olga Campos Benz

Lalo Campos

 

World War II

The yellow clapboard house with the 1990 Cadillac Seville parked outside is Lalo Campos' home. A Mexican American World War II veteran, he sits in a study that is covered with family portraits with his feet propped up in his walker. There is a...

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Sofia Mena

Richard G. Candelaria

Richard G. Candelaria  

World War II

By Yvonne Lim

Growing up in Southern California during the 1920s and 1930s, Richard G. Candelaria would bike up to the top of Mulholland Drive to watch the P-38 twin-engine fighter planes take off and land from Burbank. Candelaria read...

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Mario Barrera

Domingo Cantu

Domingo Cantu  

World War II

By David R Zavala

On his initial night of fighting in World War II Europe, Domingo Cantu landed for his first mission, and was unable to free himself from his parachute. As he struggled and tugged to get the chute off, he heard the blasts...

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Antonio Cantú

Norma Cantú

Norma Cantu  

Political & Civic Engagement

By: Voces Staff

Born and raised in Brownsville Texas, Norma Cantú excelled in school despite coming from poverty. Thanks to her families emphasis on early education, Cantú skipped many grades, graduating college at the age of 19....

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Mia Uhumwuangho

Felipe Cantú

 

World War II

In many ways, the postwar years of Felipe L. Cantú represent a quintessential profile of a World War II veteran, quietly resuming his life, but with a modest hesitancy to discuss combat experiences or express his feelings. In many other ways,...

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Tomás Z. Cantú

Mr. Thomas Cantu and his wife Claudia R. Cantu enjoy the afternoon outdoors on the patio of their Corpus Christi home.  

World War II

By Bettina Luis

CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas -- Standing at attention, his thumbs aligned with the seam of the trouser, his heels together at a 45-degree angle. Thomas Cantu Jr. looked straight ahead as he was awarded the Air Medal in 1943 for...

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Bettina Luis

Arnoldo Cantu Jr.

Arnoldo Cantu Jr.  

Political & Civic Engagement

By: Voces Staff

Judge Arnoldo Cantu Jr. recounts events in his life that impacted him and South Texas. The interview takes place in Brownsville, Tx located in the Rio Grande Valley where Cantu currently serves as judge in the Hidalgo...

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Yenibel Ruiz Mirabal

Epimenio Caraveo

 

World War II

By Celina Moreno

World War II veteran Epigmenio Caraveo valiantly served his country as a paratrooper in the legendary 101st Airborne Division, overcoming the sting of discrimination and poverty of his youth.

As a young boy growing...

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Celina Moreno

Robert L. Cardenas

Robert Cardenas at his home in San Diego, California on July 14, 2008.  

World War II, Korean Conflict, Vietnam

By Rachel Platis

In 1939, National Guard Pvt. Robert Cardenas was in the final stage of obtaining a full scholarship to the California Institute of Technology, having just completed two years of pre-engineering study at San Diego State...

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Marc Hamel

Abner Carrasco

Abner Carrasco  

World War II

By Juliana Torres

During the landing at Salerno, Abner Carrasco was shooting at a German Panzer, a heavily armored tank, when its turret suddenly pivoted and pointed directly at him. Facing his potential death, Carrasco kept firing and was...

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Steven Rosales

Meregildo Carrillo

Meregildo Carrillo  

World War II

By Shamoyita DasGupta

Meregildo Carrillo harbors no regrets.

A decorated soldier, Carrillo served in World War II in France in the 79th Infantry Division, both despite and because of his own personal battles.

Born in San...

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Lawrence J. Polon

William Carrillo

William Carrillo  

World War II

By Mario Barrera

William Carrillo knew he wanted to go into the Army Air Corps when he enlisted in 1942, but there was a problem: He didn’t have the required college degree for the Air Corps Cadet program. So on the application form the...

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Mario Barrera

Cayetano Casados

Cayetano Casados  

World War II

By Anjali Desai

Cayetano Casados had a floating, front row seat for the historic Normandy Invasion of World War II.

"We were the first ship to be fired on and the first ship to fire in the invasion," said Casados of the campaign that...

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Norman L. Martinez

Eugene Ramirez Casarez

Eugene Casarez, 19 years old.  

World War II

By Joanne Rao Sánchez

Eugene Casarez was just 11 years old when he started working for the Surprise Bakery on E. 7th Street in Austin, Texas.

Little did he realize that his four years of making empanadas, pan de huevo and bizcochitos...

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Drs. Joanne Rao & Mario Sanchez

Peter Casarez

Portrait of Pete Casarez.  

World War II

By Joanne R. Sánchez

Pete Casarez's fondest childhood memory was playing baseball with his brothers, Frank, Eugene and Frutoso (Tuto) at the Catholic church playground, a half block from their home on East 9th Street in Austin, Texas.

...

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Drs. Joanne Rao & Mario Sanchez

Theresa Herrera Casarez

Theresa Herrera Casarez - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By Joanne R. Sanchez

As a child, growing up in Austin, Theresa Herrera Casarez loved to sing, dance and recite poetry. Later, during WWII, she was able to put her talents to work entertaining soldiers at USO clubs and at nearby Camp Swift...

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Drs. Joanne Rao & Mario Sanchez

Sam Casarez

Sam Casarez  

World War II

By Stephen Stetson

For most of his life, Sam Casarez, an Austin, Texas, native who served as a Merchant Marine in World War II, wasn’t accorded the privileges and benefits of veterans.

Today, 13 years after the Merchant Marines were...

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Porteskcia Kelley

Julius Casarez

Julius Casarez  

World War II

By Laura Radloff

As a young man, Julius Casarez didn’t know exactly what he was getting himself into when he enlisted in the Army.

"My brother told me that if I enlisted sooner rather than later, I could pick where I wanted to be...

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Rasha Madkour

Joe David Casillas

Joe (left kneeling down).  The picture was taken early in 1946 at Scott, Field, in Villerville, Illinois-now called Scott Airforce.  The abbreviation Tele Type Mechanic (T.T.M.) 426.  

World War II, Political & Civic Engagement

By Nora Ramirez

World War II is over, but the fight against discrimination is far from finished for Joe Casillas, a WWII veteran who lives in San Diego.

His father, Felix Ledesma Casillas, was a migrant worker who came from Jalisco,...

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Rene Zambrano

Ruben Casillas

Ruben Casillas, at Camp Robertson, during basic training for the Infantry.  

World War II

By Alicia Rascon

Ruben Casillas, a World War II veteran, remembers encountering discrimination on a daily basis in his youth.

Looking back, Casillas recalled being excluded from opportunities given to his classmates and still asks, "...

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Rene Zambrano

Thomas Lopez Casso

Thomas Lopez Casso  

World War II

By Sarah Carter

Thomas Casso took off through the jungle after lighting a smoke signal that would tell United States troops where to target the Japanese, who were trailing his company on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.

Casso...

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Steven Rosales

Fred Castaneda

 

Vietnam

By Ednna Solis

“For those who fought for it, freedom has a flavor the protected will never know,” reads a flier carefully placed in a Vietnam War photo album.

The album belongs to Fred Castañeda, a Mexican citizen from...

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Manuel G. Aviles-Santiago

George M Castañeda

George M Castañeda  

Korean Conflict

By Maureen King

It had always been a fascination to him, something he’d seen in the movies.

He knew he could do it and do it better than anyone else, he says, because he was a Mexican. The fascination: jumping out of an airplane.

...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Lauro Castillo

Lauro Castillo - Voces Oral History Project  

World War II

By the Voces Staff

Lauro Castillo grew up in a poor farming family in South Texas, living in a bare-bones house with a leaky roof.

The U.S. Army provided an escape from poverty but also exposed him to the brutal reality of war...

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Marcos Castillo

Manuel Martinez Castillo

Portrait of Manuel Castillo.  

World War II

By Chandler Elise Race

As Manuel Castillo stood on the landing barge off of Omaha Beach in Normandy, the battle was already in full motion on shore. For Castillo, the reality of the landing was not the glorified or stirring depictions of...

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Erika Martinez

Pete Castillo

Pete Castillo  

Korean Conflict

By Lynda Gonzalez

Pedro “Pete” Castillo used his snow-white mustache as a tool in telling his wartime tale, one of the significant chapters of his life.

A sergeant and World War II veteran was in charge of Castillo’s Army company...

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Raquel C. Garza

Gilbert Castorena

 

World War II

By Christine Emmot

Growing up in the North Island neighborhood of San Diego, Ca., before World War II, Gilbert Castorena had a childhood filled with good memories of his family, friends and school days.

Those relaxing days changed in...

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Rene Zambrano

Aurora Gonzalez Castro

Aurora Gonzalez Castro  

By Anna Zukowski

Aurora Gonzalez Castro's story isn't just about her; it’s also the story of two half-brothers, Caesar and Alfred Castro, both musicians in military bands during World War II, as well as accomplished musicians after the...

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Anna Zukowski

Alfredo Castro

Alfredo Castro  

World War II

Alfred Castro was the son of an accomplished musician, who recognized early that Alfred had a natural gift and did all he could to foster the boy’s musical growth.

Castro’s father, Luis Castro, who played the trumpet with the San Antonio...

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Caesar Catalino Castro

 

World War II

As a young man in San Antonio, Caesar Castro was an accomplished pianist.

His talent caught the attention of a group of famed California musicians who wanted Caesar to move west with them, so that they could mold him.

Castro didn't...

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Jesus Castro

Jesus Castro  

World War II

By Anthony Sobotik

At 30 years of age, Jesus Castro was one of the older soldiers drafted for duty during World War II. However, this soldier and father of six children wasn't about to let his age hinder his dedication or performance.

...

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Anthony Sobotik

Ladislao Catalino Castro

Ladislao\L.C.\"Castro in a March 2001 portrait. (Photo by Alan K. Davis)"  

World War II

By Alan K. Davis

From their crippled B-24 bomber, Ladislao "L.C." Castro and the rest of the crew could see the white cliffs of Dover across the English Channel, on March 18, 1944. The fuel gauges read empty. The control cables were severed....

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Alan K. Davis

Zoila Antonia Castillo Castro

Sallie Castro gave this picture of herself in her early 20's to Larislao with the words,\To my darling one and only.\""  

World War II

By Nicole Griffith

 

Sallie Castro is the wife, mother, and grandmother of military men. The walls in her living room are covered with pictures of the men in uniform and medals decorate the bookcases. Mrs. Castro, 74, is a...

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Nicole Griffith