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Vicenta Sanchez Lopez

Vicenta Sánchez-López  

World War II

By Mary Mejia

In 1938, Vicenta Sanchez Lopez became the first Mexican American woman to graduate from her high school in her predominantly Anglo home town of Sonora, Texas, about 200 miles west of Austin. Just one year earlier, the first...

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Taylor Peterson

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez

 

World War II

By Karina Valenzuela

Elvira Orta Pardo Lopez's memories of World War II revolve around her brother, Apolonio “Polo” Pardo, Jr., whom she describes as a quiet and serious man.

Polo got as far as the fifth grade before quitting to work...

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Genaro V Lopez

Genaro Lopez  

World War II

By Simon Wagner, St. Bonaventure University

World War II "actually made a man out of me," Genaro V. Lopez told his son, Genaro, during their father-to-son interview for the Voces Oral History Project.

Born April 8, 1925, in...

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Mr. Genaro C. Lopez

Joe V. Lopez

Joe V. Lopez  

World War II

By Ronnie Zamora

Joe Lopez can recall a time when serving in the military was the furthest thing from his mind. The idea of firing a rifle at an enemy was only a part of the childhood games he used to play with his brothers.

Lopez...

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Steven Rosales

Severo Paul Lopez

Severo Lopez was interviewed by the Voces Oral History Project on Thursday, January 6, 2011 at the Community Settlement Association of Riverside in Riverside, California. (©2011 Voces Oral History Project / Marc Hamel)  

World War II

By Sonia Alvarez and Joe Muller

Due to his father's career as a casting agent and magazine entertainment writer, Severo Lopez always held a special place in his...

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Frank Sotomayor

Felix Angel Lopez - Santos

Felix Angel Lopez - Santos  

World War II

By Juan de la Cruz

Felix López-Santos's early memories of his native Puerto Rico include watching everything float away from his front porch during the big San Felipe storm of 1928. After his Barrio Ceiba was washed away, his family moved...

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Doralis Perez-Soto

David Loredo

David Loredo  

World War II

By Emma Graves Fitzsimmons

When David Loredo was shot in the stomach in the hills of the Philippines during World War II, his first thought was he’d never see his mother again.

"I remember standing there in a daze," Loredo said. "I...

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Derlin Rodriguez Loya

Derlin Rodriguez Loya  

World War II

By Evelyn Ngugi

Four days after his eighteenth birthday, rookie soldier Derlin Loya set sail for Germany on May 18, 1946.

By that time, Germany and Japan had already surrendered to Allied Forces, so Loya never had to face day-to-day...

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Adolfo Dominguez

Guadalupe R. Loya

Lupe Loya  

World War II

By Andres Quintero

When Guadalupe "Lupe" Loya, Jr. was drafted into World War II, he was working at a Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Wyoming.

Loya returned to his hometown of Beeville, Texas, before heading to San Antonio to meet...

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Alcario Alvarado

Placido Jose Lozano

 

World War II

By Andrew Stark, St. Bonaventure University and Alicia Machuca, Cal State Fullerton

On Dec. 7, 1941, Placido Jose Lozano was at a movie theater, enjoying a soda and 25-cent popcorn with his friends. Suddenly the film stopped, and the...

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Mike Zambrano

Augustin Lucio

Augustin Lucio  

World War II

By Denise Chávarri

In the Army, Agustin Lucio, a 10th-grade dropout from a farming community outside San Marcos, Texas, noticed that many other young soldiers were educated or had finished high school. So, while in training, he decided to...

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Denise Chávarri

Eleazar M. Lugo

Eleazar Lugo - Voces Oral History Project  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Anusha Lalani

As the son of migrant farm workers, Eleazar Lugo might not have seemed a likely leader of a six-week school walkout in Uvalde, Texas. But in April of 1970, only a few weeks...

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Jorge Haynes

Manuel Rubin Lugo

Manuel Lugo in 1970.  

Korean Conflict

By Haley Dawson

Manuel Lugo boarded a plane in Okinawa, Japan, in November 1969 on the last leg of his journey to Vietnam. From the U.S. mainland to Hawaii and then to Okinawa, the flights had been lively—chattering, joking, laughing. But “...

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Michelle Lojewski

Juan Lujan

Juan Lujan  

World War II

By Joel Weickgenant

As a 20-year-old at the end of 1942, Juan Lujan remembers thinking World War II was passing him by. He wanted to participate in the war effort, but he’d promised his mother he wouldn't volunteer.

In the end, it was...

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Joel Weickgenant

Lorenza Terrones Lujano

 

World War II

By Katie Woody

Lorenza Terrones Lujano has battled prejudice, assumed a traditionally male role as an athlete and worked diligently to send all four of her children to college, an opportunity she never had.

Lujano was born Sept. 5,...

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Patricia Aguirre

Frances Rodriguez Luna

Frances Luna  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Joan Vinson

Politics in small-town Texas were very different when Frances Luna was young. Back in the days of the poll tax, politicians would offer to cover the fee to encourage local residents to vote for them.

Luna said that...

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Joan Vinson

Lazaro Lupian

Portrait of Larazo Lupian dedicated to his sister.  

World War II

By Alison Kelley

Lazaro Lupian doesn't think his accomplishments during World War II were a big deal; the only true war heroes, he says, are the ones that don't come back.

Some would disagree, especially family members who still...

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Rene Zambrano

Arturo Madrid

 

Political & Civic Engagement

By: Voces Staff

Arturo Madrid recalls his involvement in the South Texas Border Initiative. Madrid hosted the community groups that were also involved in the South Texas Border Initiative and wanted to establish various goals that would...

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Scarlett Gamiz

Richard Manriquez

Richard Manriquez  

Vietnam

By Jordan Haeger

Richard Manriquez served one tour in Vietnam, and he came back a changed man. He saw dead Americans, 15-year-old Vietnamese prostitutes and young suicide bombers.

It took him a long time to begin to heal.

"War...

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Jordan Haeger

Johnnie Marino

Johnnie Marino  

World War II

By Robert Mayer

Johnnie Marino was working as a tinsmith in Houston, having learned the trade from President Roosevelt's National Youth Administration program, when he heard about Hitler's running amok in Europe.

In October of 1940,...

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Mr. Paul Rodriguez Zepeda

Alberto Ochoa Marquez

Alberto Ochoa Marquez  

World War II

By Tara Wilcox-G.

Alberto Marquez remembers an autumn day in Houston in 1942 when he and a friend went out for hot dogs and, by the time they returned home, they’d decided to volunteer to fight in World War II.

While...

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Elsie Schaffer Martinez

Elsie Schaffer Martinez  

World War II

By Kimberly Wied

Elsie Martinez saw a lot of World War II, but she never left the country and can't talk about it.

"The things we saw, and the people that came back, it was horrible," said Martinez, recalling her work in a high-...

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Raquel C. Garza

Val Martinez

 

World War II

By Emma Graves-Fitzsimmons

Nothing prepared Val Martinez for the icy winter night he landed in Marseilles, France, with the 103rd Infantry Division to prepare for combat in World War II. Martinez would spend more than nine months as a tank...

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William Luna

Raul Baca Martinez

 

World War II

By Taylor Fishytnt

Raul B. Martinez spent four years in the Army’s Combat Corps of Engineers in World War II.

The combat engineers went in first, then the assault troops. Their job: keep the Army moving.

“Our unit built new...

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Jose Figueroa

Ascencion Martinez

 

World War II

By Anthony Underwood

Just 14 miles south of Waco lies the town of Lorena, Texas --- home to World War II Veteran Ascencion "Chon" Martinez.

Born in Acampo Guanajuato, Mexico, Martinez and his family moved to the United States when...

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Trinidad G. Martinez

 

World War II

By David Muto

Trinidad Martinez remembers the little things.

Like the long list of vegetables he helped his family grow on their ranch in South Texas before World War II broke out.

Thoughts like that punctuate Martinez's...

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Erika Martinez

Porfirio Escamilla Martinez

 

World War II

By Yazmin Lazcano

The experience of stepping over hundreds of bodies -- the sounds of mine blasts, surf pelting the coast and bullets whizzing overhead filling his ears -- is as vivid to Porfirio Martinez today as it was 55 years ago....

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Ricardo Leon Martinez

Ricardo Martinez (Photo By: Marc Hamel)  

Vietnam

By Mosettee Lorenz

By the time he was 22, Kansas native Ricardo León Martinez had dropped out of high school, gotten married and had four children, and he was at risk of going to prison for fighting and drinking.

But when he...

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Dr. Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Jose Fuljencio Martinez

 

World War II

By Tony Cantú

Jose Fuljencio Martinez remembers the minutest details of his tour of duty's defining moment, his unit's surrender at Bataan, recalling virtually every tear and each bead of sweat he shed as he faced his captors.

"I...

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Rea Ann Trotter

Juan Martinez

Juan Martinez  

World War II

By BROOKE MEHARG

Juan Martinez smiled as he remembered receiving letters from proud siblings while he was stationed in the Philippines, telling him he was in their prayers.

"Thanks to God that their prayers went up to heaven,"...

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Celina Moreno

Ernesto Pedregón Martinez

Ernesto Pedregón Martinez  

World War II

By Nikki Muñoz

Before he reached the age of 22, Ernesto Pedregón Martinez had already worked as a painter of bullfighting posters, helped liberate a Nazi concentration camp and returned home to start a new life, which would eventually lead...

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Jeffrey Lee Johnson

Raul Mata Martinez

Raul Mata Martinez  

World War II

By Brian Villalobos

Raul Martinez's hands, thick, square and accented by a crest of jagged, walnut-sized knuckles, don’t seem to match his large, soft eyes.

Over the past 76 years, these hands have handled everything from cement to...

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Robert Mayer

Antonio Martinez

 

Political & Civic Engagement

Antonio "Tony" Martinez was born Dec. 31, 1945, in Harlingen, Texas, a town about 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico. One of six children, Martinez grew up when the railroad tracks were the dividing line between Anglo-American and Mexican-American...

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Sandra Renee Garcia

Tomas Martinez

Tomas Martinez  

World War II

By Celina Moreno

Tomás Martinez, a veteran of the Normandy Invasion and the Battle of the Bulge who became a barber, has lived by a "do-it-yourself" philosophy since his youth in southern New Mexico.

Born Dec. 21, 1923, to Amador...

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Marcello Salcido

Juan Lugo Martinez

Juan L. Martinez, circa 1942-43. Alaska.  

World War II

Tribute provided by Yolanda Guerra, daughter of Mr. Martinez.

While he lived much of his youth during the Great Depression, Juan Lugo Martinez always talked about happy times, daughter Yolanda Martinez Guerra recalled in a tribute provided...

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Mercurio & Mrs. Martinez

Mercurio Martinez was interviewed on March 6, 2010 at the Laredo Community College library in Laredo, Texas.  

Vietnam

By Vidushi Shrimali

Mercurio Martinez Jr. has never served in the armed forces, but both he and his hometown of Laredo, Texas, have been touched by veterans from World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Martinez said his...

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Frank Trejo

John Anastacio Martinez

John Anastacio Martinez  

World War II

By Christopher Trout

At home in Houston in the 1940s, Johnnie Martinez was a well-known entertainer. He eventually would own a nightclub, lead his own big band, the Johnnie Martinez Band, and even own his own record label, Alameda.

...

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Luis Martinez

Luis Martinez  

World War II

By Sarah Adams

Luis Martinez has had a hand in history.

He participated in one of the more famous New Deal projects, witnessed D-Day from the English shores and attended Gen. George S. Patton's funeral. But what he remembers most as...

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Nicole Cruz

Eladio Martinez

 

World War II

When Eladio Martinez was growing up in Dallas, Texas, education was a priority. His father was a laborer and inspired his children to learn. Like his three younger siblings, Martinez graduated from Dallas Technical High School. Growing up, the...

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Juan Martinez

Portrait of Juan Martinez Jr.  

World War II

By Meredith Barnhill

Juan Martinez, Jr. is the embodiment of the patriotism Mexican Americans demonstrated during his time in the Army.

Born Nov. 20, 1922, in El Paso, Texas, to Juan Martinez, Sr. and Sebastiana Valdez Martinez, he...

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Guadalupe Martinez

Guadalupe Martinez  

Vietnam

By Andrea Carpena

CSU, Fullerton

For many Hispanics, the Vietnam War era often led to conflicts between their deep loyalty for the United States and the emerging civil rights movement in barrios across the country, even as the...

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Maggie Rodriguez-Rivas

John Edward Martinez

John Edward Martinez - Voces Oral History Project  

Vietnam

By Tarrah Miller

“It’s a neat experience because you get to meet people from all over the United States, and we are working for the common good and a common goal.”

That’s how John Martinez described his service aboard a submarine....

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Tarrah Miller

Benny C. Martinez

Benny C. Martinez  

Korean Conflict

By Jackie Rapp

 

Benny Martinez was born a helper.

 

He served as a medic in the Korean War. He taught unruly 6th graders. He once delivered a baby in the back seat of a car. He encourages kids to stay in...

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Tina Hughes

Raymundo Rafael Martinez

Raymundo Rafael Martinez  

World War II

By Laken Litman

One would think returned war veterans would try blocking battle out of their minds forever. But that’s not at all the case with Raymundo Rafael Martinez.

Having served as a Tech Sergeant in the Army’s 807th Engineer...

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Megan Beck

Frank Martinez

Frank Martinez - Voces Oral History Project  

Vietnam

By Julia Bunch  

Frank Martinez, a Colorado native, was a family man and a college student in the mid-1960s. Surely, he wouldn’t be sent to Vietnam.

But then he got the letter from the Army.

“I didn’t think I would get...

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Rea Ann Trotter

Augustine Martinez

Augustine Martinez  

World War II

By Angela Macias

Augustinee Martinez knew little about being a solider when his 65th Infantry Division reached La Havre, France.

Though Martinez trained at Camp Shelby in Mississippi, and then in France for more than a month before hitting...

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Angela Macias

Vilma Martinez

 

Political & Civic Engagement

By Carlos Devora

From working as a lawyer to serving as president of the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund to being appointed ambassador to Argentina, Vilma Martinez has been a trailblazer.

Her work has helped...

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Maggie Rivas-Rodriguez

Emily Matilda Martinez Alvarado

Emily Alvarado was interviewed by the VOCES Oral History Project in Denver, Colorado on August 9, 2010. Photo by Michelle Lojewski.  

Political & Civic Engagement

By Jasmine Powell

Emily Martinez Alvarado never served her country in the military. She served it at home, as one of the thousands involved in the Chicano movement, by way of the Crusade for Justice, and as an important civil rights...

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Michelle Lojewski

Alfonso L. Matta

 

World War II

By Christina Tran

When he became vice chairman of Houston’s Metropolitan Transit Authority in 1990, Alfonso Matta would recall his closest experience with a railcar, when he was a 14-year-old on a bike.

“The railcar – we had rail then...

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Henry McDonnell

Henry McDonnell  

World War II

In 1945, Henry McDonnell battled through Germany as a part of the 17th Airborne Division; 60 years later, he returned to Europe with his sons.

Henry and his three sons, Bernard, Henry Jr. and Mark, traveled to the Netherlands in 2005 so...

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